Journalism and Mass Communications - JMComm Conference

Selected Accepted Papers

Selected Accepted Papers

Facial expressions are connected to experiencing emotions according to Facial-Feedback Theory of Emotion developed by Charles Darwin and William James [17]. Knowing how to read and interpret facial expressions helps us understand how human beings connect with one another in mobile-mediated communication (MMC) and improve our own abilities at managing emotions. There have been multiple types of research conducted that study and compare factors that influence facial emotion recognition in humans [10]. As one of the most prominent channel in human interactions, facial expression is a good indicator of a person’s emotions. Recent technological advancements have had a drastic impact on human interaction. Besides face-to-face chat, video chatting become more and more popular in the digital age. This research provides to understand how video, voice and music influence emotion perception in the MMC context among different user groups. In this research, we evaluated challenges and effectiveness between two primary emotions: happiness and sadness in video chatting. This study analyzed the emotional influences of voice and music on video chatting and its effectiveness on sensing others emotional energy. Participants were from 18~42 years old and 98% of participants are in between 18~32 years old. A series of visual stimuli were created with four models were from Gen Z; Millennial; Gen X; and Baby Boomer. In addition, the research examines the comfort level with different relationships (e.g. friends; acquaintances; and strangers) in the video chatting environment. 
This paper uses Michel Foucault’s Discourse Theory to examine discursive constructions of negotiations for a Government of National Unity (GNU) between Zimbabwe’s ruling party Zanu PF and opposition parties in the Zimbabwean Diaspora media. The negotiations preceded a protracted political conflict lasting close to a decade characterised by a deepening economic and political crisis, disputed elections, a violent land reform programme and a vicious urban clean-up operation by the ZANU PF government. Empirical data comprises of a corpus of a purposively sampled corpus of archival news articles published in various Zimbabwean diaspora media between 27 June 2008 and 13 September 13, 2008. The paper argues that the Zimbabwean diaspora media were oriented towards conflict rather than consensus and peace-building as demonstrated by their tilt towards conflict escalation as opposed to conflict resolution and cessation. The paper argues that the discursive construction of the GNU reflect the conflict entrepreneurial of the Zimbabwean Diaspora media which is shaped by contradictory reflexes in relation to the host and home country. This way, the study contributes new knowledge to the nascent field of diaspora and conflict.
Cebu is endowed with a wealthy culture that includes the flaring music world of Cebuanos. Based on the survey conducted by the researcher, only 6 out of 119 First Year Communication-related degree students of the University of San Jose- Recoletos listen to the Cebuano music. This study examines the reasons why Cebuanos listen and not listen to their own Cebuano music. Using the purposive sampling in the qualitative approach, the researcher conducted one-on-one interviews with the experts representing the Cebuano music industry. The results show that the government lack support to the Cebuano music and artists. It also manifests that Cebuanos listen much to the trending songs in the society. Thus, public promotion for Cebuano songs is important such as government\'s support and local media entities\' support to the local music.
Press Freedom is one of the guaranteed constitutional rights in the Philippines. However, despite of the provisions and laws of free press, (CEGP, 2017) documented numerous campus press freedom violations that happen throughout the years. During the phenomenon of Security Exchange Commission (SEC) revoked the registration of one of the critical media organizations of President Duterte- Rappler, many media organizations in the country including campus journalists cried foul and saw it as issue of free press. However, the stand of Amaranth Publication of Visayas State University draw flak to the community and questions their role as campus press. This push to the researcher to examine campus press freedom and determine the scope and range of campus journalists on making a stand. Using the Colaizzi’s (1978) method of data analysis in descriptive phenomenological research, the researcher conducted one-on-one interview with the experts representing the academe, campus journalism experts, and legal luminaries. The results formulated nine emergent themes that complement the Theory of Libertarianism and Social Responsibility. The results show that campus and professional journalists enjoy the same rights and responsibility as the watchdog of the society. However, campus journalists limit their freedom such as institution\'s guidelines and policies because they are students first before they became campus journalists. With these results, campus press freedom will be achieved by recognizing the role of campus press.
This paper focuses on the emergence of Citizen Journalism in a country like India where media is considered as the fourth pillar of democracy. It also explores how citizen journalism has contributed largely to the collection and dissemination of news by the mainstream media. Not only in the urban areas, but even the people from rural India have come forward to participate in this ongoing media revolution, in spite of facing issues like low or no internet connectivity, language barrier and many more.
This research paper analyses the state of data journalism practice in the Arab world through the use of the Field theory approach. It discusses the factors that have an impact on data journalism practice and development in Arab countries, and the indications of the results of the Arab Data Journalists survey done by the ArabDJN in 2017. The paper ends up with suggesting a number of possible ways to develop data journalism practice and education.
The internet provides a whole gamut of information about products, its features, competitors of that particular brand, testimonials of previous users, retail store and other outlets, manufacturers and the like. As each product wants to make itself visible, it tends to put up all the information needed to intimate customers about the quality and feature of the products. Companies thus believe that long term-profitability and only be ensured by how much of product information is presented and processed by the consumers. People shopping normally find it difficult to process a large volume of information in a short time frame, and with limited cognitive ability. This increase in amount of information cannot facilitate proper decision making, and the person experiences ‘Information overload’ which results in counter-productive results such as cognitive fatigue, confusion and which in turn affects the quality of decision making. Online buying behavior is best determined by a person looking up the internet for the features of the product. Differences in customers search procedure for products online may result in differences in their online shopping behavior. The present research focuses on the effects of ‘information overload’ on the choice and purchase decisions for different products online. The findings are directed towards retailers, information providers and researchers in a quest to account for better decision making.
News research claims that people have increasingly turned to the Internet for news because it offers interactivity which traditional news sources are incapable to provide. There is another strand of research that suggests news credibility determines news consumption. Hence, we aim to uncover whether the influence of the medium (i.e: web interactivity) is greater than the message (i.e: news credibility) in determining why people consume news online. We conducted a survey (N=520) in Malaysia, a context which is known for its restricted media freedom, to gauge which is the stronger predictor to online news consumption. The findings show that both interactivity and credibility are significant predictors to people’s attitude towards online news and also its consumption. The strength of the relationship linking credibility and news consumption is higher than the link between interactivity and news consumption. We also found that attitude towards online news is a significant mediator for both relationships; suggesting its influence on the increasing use of the Internet for news. Our data confirmed the importance of Web interactivity and news credibility. However, news credibility was of greater importance than interactivity for prediction of online news consumption in Malaysia.
As the most obvious provision of the social media in the individual world, “Selfie” is confronted at a point where self-confidence is increased or lost. Nowadays, the use of social media starts at the very early ages, and self-efficacy beliefs are also developing at an early age. However, the madness of selfie is becoming a more of an 'infantilized' action. Thus, it can be argued that it functions as the counterfeit of the self and serves as a mirror in the individual's world. It is also true that this 'new or pseudo mirror', which shows us both to ourselves and to the others, also raises the concerns about the perceptual development, curiosity and visibility in the era of self-discovery throughout the developmental process. There are great similarities between the new teens, who have an eye in the mirror throughout a certain part of their life, who try to perceive, see, gaze and identify themselves during their development, growth, frequently questioning their height, how they look in their clothes, and try to compare themselves with their peers, etc. The individual desires to be 'more' in a bilateral relationship, or yearns to become 'the most' in the 'triple' providing the self a floor where s/he can never be alone but rather in a more plural relationship; thus sacrificing the 'self' by giving it up for the sake of becoming somebody. In this context, an individual who wants to prove an ‘existence’ in a sense might be able to look strong and someone who is able rather than looking like somewhat 'closed', cynical, insecure. Through the social media researches conducted by the experts proved that behind the most of the pseudo selfies there stands an acting process providing an exaggerated happiness and illusion of a world of lies. The concept of self-reflection and 'selfie' in its social media term, emerges at a point where the individual’s internal communication is broken. It brings a
Corporate social responsibility (CSR) has become a way for corporations to meet the expectations of different stakeholders about economic, social and environmental issues. It has become indispensable for an organization’s success and positive image and reputation. Employing the stakeholder theory, the purpose of this research is to analyse CSR content of leading Kuwaiti corporations. It attempts to identify the issues and stakeholders of the CSR and if corporations are following CSR reporting standards. By analysing websites, annual and CSR reports of the top 100 Kuwaiti corporations, this study found low mentions of the CSR issues and even lower mentions of stakeholders. Environmental issues were among the least mentioned. “Society” was mentioned the most as the stakeholder and “The Environment” was among the least mentioned. Independent sample t-tests found no significant difference between the issues and stakeholders that are mentioned in the websites and the reports. Only two companies from the sample followed reporting standards. Kuwaiti corporations need to pay more attention to CSR and particularly to the environment. They should adopt a strategic approach toward it where higher management needs to understand its significance and allocate specialized personnel such as marketers and public relations practitioners to manage it. The government and non-profit organizations should encourage the private sector in Kuwait to do more CSR and meet the needs and expectations of different stakeholders and not only shareholders. This is in addition to reporting the CSR information strategically and professionally because of its benefits to corporate image, reputation and transparency.
This paper aims to examine the effects of TV commercials and print ads on consumer purchases in the age of interactive media, and the possible new methods used by TV and print ads to persuade Arab audiences and gain their satisfaction. My research paper examines to know how TV commercials and print ads are affected by modern technology, which media outlet is more effective in promoting products, and how the audience evaluates ads in traditional media. The researcher used a quantitative method. The data for the study was collected through an online questionnaire, it was applied on a sample of Arab consumers who are living in UAE. Total number of respondents are 108, 66.7% females and 33.3% males. Research findings suggest that most of the respondents expose to ads on the internet and prefer interactive media over traditional media, because it’s hard to target the audience, and to measure the effectiveness of ads on traditional media. Respondents agreed that interactive media has greatly affected the use of traditional media.
Mobile technology gives rise to collective group identity, brings new values to society and ignites movement for social and political changes. This study points out negative phenomenon of online collective action, which can lead to online witchhunts driven by mob psychology and indiscriminate identities release. Focusing on social phenomena in Korean networks as the unit of analysis, this study analyzes the new social phenomenon of anonymous mob surveillance consequently leads to mob hunting.
At a time when journalism instructors are grappling with a rapidly changing media landscape, we here at MSU Denver, are updating our journalism program to rise to the challenge of the latest digital disruption, namely drones. We are teaching a new course called: Drone Journalism. The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) cleared the way for drone journalism with the release, in August 2016, of Title 14 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 107, which regulates the commercial use of unmanned aircraft within United States airspace and sets the requirements for certification of
Abstract— Though there has been a wave of warming up of relations in Northeast Asia in the recent months, the second half of 2017 was marked by tension and fear of possible war due to saber rattling accompanied by nuclear and missile tests by North Korea. The broadcasters of the related states also reflected such mood, dealing with the Korean Peninsula Crisis as a major topic in their primetime news programs. Based on the constructivist perspective that security is a construct, this study assumes the media to be an actor in the process of securitization—creation of the idea of security by presenting a relevant object as being threatened. While there has been recent literature on the very role of the media in security—the media-security nexus—this study aims to study securitization by the media and its implications by looking at the case of late 2017 (July 1 ~ September 30) of the Korean Peninsula Crisis as presented in the primetime news programs of the broadcasters in six major countries (KBS, CNN, BBC, NHK, CCTV, Channel 1). It begins by observing how the news is presented by broadcasters in terms of importance and highlighted content. Then, using four dominant frames on security and diplomacy (containment, engagement, neutral, indifferent) and seven sub-frames on media (conflict, threat, human interest, economic, attribution of responsibility, morality, and dialogue-partner), it goes on to analyze the news items and observe the implications of the frames for securitization. The results are then compared to the official positions of each state to assess the role of media in securitization and difference in securitization—if any—is explained for a better understanding of the media’s role.
Advertising messages and, on a larger scale, all brand messages are undergoing grand metamorphoses under the strain of many different rationales. This paper intends to give a global perspective on these metamorphoses, through a semio-communication approach, analyzing them as variants of a massive advertising show finding its logic in what the author calls advertisingness.
YouTube, as a video sharing site, has grown since 2005, its inception year, to the present from just a sharing of personal videos to broadcasting news channels. The CEO of YouTube informs that 7000 hours of news-related video are uploaded every day. [3] It is not a one-sided monologue as was in the traditional journalism, as in the case of the newspaper, radio or television but an interactive media where the viewers are not only passive receivers but also contribute to their might making it more democratic. Personalities no longer are the focus of journalism, the consumers have become partners. YouTube can help build the audience, grow with them and use their content. While talking about freedom of expression, the ethical standards and controls also have to be discussed. The citizen journalism is the talk of the town.
Over the recent decade there has been a significant change in representations of popular culture in East Asia, from western-adored to Asian-reimagined, that is not only cross-border but also beyond nationalistic. The change, which is still rapidly ongoing, has effectively undergone a process of conversion in which the accelerating development of local productions has occurred based on a global context. The aim of this article is to examine the shifting trajectory of East Asian popular culture from its initial formation by media to its naturalisation in society. The article highlights a particular genre of local TV production in East Asia – trendy drama – as the turning point in the modern age of the new cultural formation. It is argued that the contemporary East Asian TV industry has symbolic power to produce trendy drama, which in turn serves as a symbolic form to signify new values enshrining an imagined community for East Asian audiences. Therefore, cultural representations in East Asia now express the specific East Asian popular culture as an Asian outlook mixed with western-adaptation. This paper foregrounds the Japanese TV industry as the key initiator of this metamorphic adaptation of TV production within East Asian TV industries. By following the East Asian TV industry’s reproduction of trendy drama, the paper concludes that specific key values that promote Asian modernity attract East Asian people to relook at themselves and start to identify their own popular culture, no longer in the shadow of western adoration.
Masterpiece Cakeshop v. Colorado Civil Rights Commission is a case illustration of arguments involved in compelled expression versus civil inclusion. This study examines the arguments in the Oyez record.
Tiny little details give us the clues of the big important things. It is important to notice, analyze and the clues as to find the real matters behind. The paper discusses how the values attributed to the mermaid image affect the consumption of the communication messages, expectations, and productions of the media with its charming and glazed
Social media is evolving in the world at very fast pace and affecting people in numerous ways. In a press statement in 2017, the founder of Whatsapp Brian Acton has stated that “India is a very important country to us, and we\'re proud to have 200 million people who use WhatsApp to connect with their friends, family and communities,\
The awareness of the Gulf’s public for the credibility of social media in dealing with political issues A field study Prof. Dr. Hemat Hassan El-Saka Mass Communication and Public Relations Department Ahlia University Au Manama, Kingdom of Bahrain helsaka@ahlia.edu.bh Abstract— In shade of the tremendous development of communication technology, the spread of social media, what is distinguished of the freedom and speed of dissemination of information, the credibility of these means has opposed a state of argument about its freedom in tackling the political issues, the extent of its neutrality and objectivity, and the extent of assuring of several of their sources and commitment to the dimensions of credibility, wherefrom the accuracy and the extent of supporting the media content upon the sources of its news and commitment with the professional and ethical criteria. With several criticisms addressed, the credibility of these means became a necessary matter in the light of the hostile view towards the means of media. In its theoretical framework, the study depends upon two inputs of the impact of hostile view for means of media and the constructive model of credibility by monitoring the Gulf’s public perception for the credibility of these means and the impact of the bias of the social media upon the hostile view in the media coverage of the political issues under consideration. The main question of the study has been determined in monitoring and evaluating the Gulf’s public for credibility of social media and extent of dependence upon it in attaining the information about the Gulf political issues and providing a proposed view to develop the professional performance of social media to meet the criteria and dimensions of credibility. The study is considered one of the descriptive studies and depended upon the survey methodology. It is an organized scientific effort to attain the data, information and descriptions of the extent of credibility of the social media in dealing with political issues and identifying the factors influencing the Gulf’s public perception for the credibility of social media, including the political interest and demographic factors. The study used the questionnaire sheet as a tool for collecting the information, achieving the objectives of the study, answering its questions and testing its hypotheses upon a random sample of users of social media from the Gulf’s public and the ones who are interested in the political subjects and issues. Keywords-component; the Credibility, Social Media, the Gulf Society
In response to pending federal cuts to film and television funding, this paper addresses the status of three regions of Canadian film and television creation, production and distribution to assess how the state of the industry offers a legacy for the television viewers of science fiction.
The concept “relations” is every time around where people live. The relation between mother and the baby begins as soon as she gives birth. The parents are the first educators, trainers for the kids. So far, this relation has been degenerating and becoming weaker. Parents being their role models are under stress since they do not have to be behind in the rapid changing of the world. On the other hand, an individual faces different types of conflicts during the communicative effort of existence while growing up. Purpose: The originating of this study is to examine the new generation parents and their young adult children from ages 18 to 21 according to their socioeconomic and sociocultural perspective. Content: The research is studied on 180 University students at different grades, ages differ from 18 to 24. Restrictions: In spite of the study on 360 students creates a data, it is limited to reach the entire research universe. Method: The research comprises the (QRI) Quality of Relationship Inventory which was developed by Pierce and with his friends in 1991 and whose reliability and validity were confirmed. Participants complete a QRI for each of the following relationship: either mother or father. It consists of 25 items assigned to 3 facets; social support, depth, and conflict. Its factor analysis showed very high CFI values (range: 0.96-0.99). Subjects were instructed to generate responses for relationships that were necessary. Furthermore, they were intended to obtain both negative and the positive aspects of the specific correlation.
In this article I discuss access to and consumption of news via various news sources within the context of post-apartheid South Africa. I cover five potential news sources: newspapers, radio, television, the Internet and social media. I base the discussion on the results of the Round 6 Afrobarometer survey in South Africa which involved a countrywide probability sample of 2 390 respondents. I investigate differences in news access via various sources for gender, population and age groups. Television emerges as the most news source accessed mostly by all groups, while newspapers also remain a key news source. In contrast with tendencies in other parts of the world, access to news via the Internet and social media is limited mainly to Whites and the younger age group.
Whatsapp is one of the medium of technology available such as i-phone, Android, windows phone and WhatsApp web in computer which is popular among the youth to send and receive spoken and written text messages, audio and video calls, videos, still pictures to friends, and relatives. It is an effective medium connected the people for the flow of information and ideas. It is a highly addictive medium and the users’ happiness and sadness depends upon how they receive reply from the other users. WhatsApp makes the communication through multimedia messaging. Any social network system popularity depends upon how well it meets users’ personal need and desire. It helps the users to explore their opportunities and experiences. This paper tries to analyze what kind of impact psychologically and socially WhatsApp create among the lives of the youth.
The world is affected by globalization. Progress in technologies and communication have eliminated time and space barriers. Never before have had we felt so dependent on each other in both economic and communication terms. Visual contents of televised images have a major role to play here. The aim of the article is to answer how grow of mobile internet will impact on contemporary audiovisual market system. The article may be relevant for media experts and analysts, media regulators, users and authors of internet television contents.
The online environment has highlighted the role of negative experiences and emotions by enabling fast and widespread publicity. Recent research has introduced both word-of-mouth and engagement as central concepts relating to negative communication online. In the field of public relations, the previous literature has mostly addressed negative engagement through individual topics such as reputation and crisis communication, but little attention has been paid to the different forms it takes. By utilizing recent literature on word-of-mouth (WOM), negative word-of-mouth (nWOM), and electronic word-of-mouth (eWOM) communication, we propose negative electronic word-of-mouth (neWOM) as a rising phenomenon of urgency for organizations. A form of negative engagement, it potentially spreads faster and further, causing problems for targeted organizations. Building on previous understanding of the motives driving negative engagement online (e.g., anger, frustration, irritation), we map the different motives often associated with negative engagement. To illustrate these in practice, we use content analysis to sample online customer discussions and customer complaints in social media in the context of three telecommunications service providers in Finland. Our preliminary results show that venting and revenge stand out as the main motives for neWOM. We call for a more strategic approach to tackling customer complaints and highlight the need to monitor negative engagement online. We conclude with five propositions to guide future research on the topic and propose that a central aim of public relations in the online environment should be to keep stakeholders from morphing into hateholders by monitoring and participating in online discussions.
The presenter will briefly discuss the history and benefits of nonlinear narrative structure and demonstrate its use by reading five randomly selected chapters given by audience members from a 100-chapter novel.
In recent years, the definition of journalism in Pakistan has changed, so has the mindset of people and their approach towards a news story. This research thus provides an insight into Pakistan’s Evolving media landscape. It tries not only to bring forth the outcomes of cross-platform cooperation among print and broadcast journalism but also gives an insight into the use of interactive data visualization techniques. The storytelling in journalism in Pakistan has evolved from depicting merely the truth to tweaking, fabricating and producing docu-dramas. It aims to look into how news is translated to a visual and how one medium outweighs another in digital storytelling. This paper examines digital narratives of online news in Pakistan, an age where convergence is shaping the media landscape. It tends to problematize the relationship between interactivity and audience interests. The paper contributes in measuring the impact of Tribune labs stories through focus group study. To get an insight into how data visualization is compassed interviews are used as the fundamental methodology. Is there a universal rule of interactivity that applies to all the stories or does each story in the online sphere cater to its own set of rules? In the age of convergence, one has to be a quality information gatherer and an efficient storyteller at the same time. Express Tribune is a very trendy news platform among the youth. Not only is their newspaper more attractive than the competitors but also their style of narrative and interactive web stories lead to well-formed news. In an age where breaking news is the hot- selling news, interactive storytelling tends to give an alternate platform to the readers who want more than the breaking news all the other organizations are offering. This news lies in between the hard and the soft news
Globalization encompasses multiple changes in all areas of social life, especially economics and culture. While it is hard to deny the recent expansion of global interconnectivity, the specific ways in which globalization is stipulated as an objective reality are not always tenable, since globalization remains an ongoing project whose final realization might yet be interrupted. Intentionally neglecting the nature of globalization as an ongoing project, globalization advocates from both the right (e.g., adherents of the “end of history/end of ideology” argument) and the left (e.g., those who still defend the cultural imperialism thesis) often ask misleading questions about the nature of globalization, such as the extent to which the world is globalized (Ryoo, 2005; Ryoo, 2008, p.873).
One of the prime principles of journalism is the documentation of the truth to make it available to the public. It is for this virtue that journalists are considered as the epitome of objectivity and honesty; the sign of a true journalist would be his ability to not compromise on this factor while reporting the news. The act of news production is of prime importance in the news interpretation for the readers. There are a plethora of conceptual perspectives, majorly linked with culture and media studies, sociology, psychology, anthropology, criminology and ethnomethodology that are probed to understand the ideological imperatives that are used to construct news as the truest representation of reality. For this particular essay, we focus on hierarchy of content, cultural specificity, and negativity of content in news and the use of frames as the particular point of view provided to the readers to understand a social event trapped in a news story; this is effectively built up for constraining the subjective involvement of the readers as mentioned by Goffman and Gitlin. We critically analyse the Indian media scene to understand how content is manipulated to frame content for the viewers.
Critical Media Literacy Education (CMLE) for our 21st century Digital Age demands a more critical approach to news and information. In this paper, Dr. Rob Williams proposes reviving and reinventing Noam Chomsky and Edward Herman\'s Propaganda Model of News (PMON) for the 21st century.