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GSTF


Best Paper Awards 2016

Best Research Paper

Dr. Slavomir Magal
University of Ss. Cyrila and Methodius in Trnava, Slovakia
 

Best Student Paper

Ms. Jiayi Tang
Xin Hua College of Sun Yat-Sen University, China

Best Paper Awards 2015

Best Research Paper

Dr. Bradley C. Freeman
American University in Dubai, UAE

Dr. Keith Zukas
Carroll University, USA

Prof. Archana Rakesh Singh
Panjab University, India

Best Student Paper

Nareshchandra Rai
Robert Gordon University, UK


 

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Selected Paper Submissions for Oral Presentation at JMComm 2017 (as at 29 August 2017)


PAPER TITLE

This study examines the ideological factors in the Pak-US relationship projected in the US elite media which by and large tie up as a co-worker of the government and as a tool to endorse national standpoint in international relationships. The U.S. media tend to portray positively those countries that are close to the ideology and interest of the United States even when they are representing non-democratic regimes. Regarding the image of Pakistan, conflicting perception exists in the American public’s minds and in their media. The differences about Pakistan to the American’s ideology and strategic interest most likely are: Pakistan being a nuclear country in the Islamic block, Pakistan’s unfriendly relationship with Israel, Pakistan's strategic relationship with China, terrorism and opposition to America by the Islamic factions, US inclination towards India for trade and international politics. All these coupled with some others make Pakistan an unfavorable state in the minds of U.S. media pundits.
Fibroid tumors, a women’s health issue also known as uterine fibroids, are significantly more prevalent among women compared to all gynecological cancers combined. Throughout the globe, fibroids are becoming an increasingly important concern with prevalence rate ranging between approximately 30-60% of all women in multiple countries including the US, India, UK, and Australia. The health issue has received minimal research in exploring news media messages and identifying the ways in which the disease is discussed in the public sphere. Studies have also shown news media to influence not only the type of information being presented about a public health issue, but also the context in which it comes to be understood. To explore what women may be learning about uterine fibroids in health news content, a descriptive content analysis was conducted utilizing agenda setting theory, from years 2009-2013. Variables under study included frequency of news media exposure to different message types by geographic location, attributes associated with fibroids, frequency of treatment options referenced, and source recommendations for seeking more credible information. During this time period news articles be referenced fibroid’s physical impact significantly more often than it’s social, psychological, or economic impact. The study contributes to a field that has previously overlooked a global women’s health issue by exploring the ways in which news sources present and frame discussions of uterine fibroids to the public.
Receiving news is one of the essential needs of human beings. The 19th article of the universal declaration of human rights refers to this basic requirement. Historically, documents became common with the invention of the printing press and later, the mass media varied by the industrial revolution became common in the life of mankind. As the world has globalized, the national and international information has become a priority, but the local facts and developments have come later. It is a fact that the roles of media and local organizations cannot be ignored in the process of the states' democratization and being awareness. Because the local has great impact. And we saw this impact during The National Struggle when Anatolian Press showed great effort. Emerging technology and computing conditions directs the modern-day people to the national and international developments. However, we shouldn't forget the great impact of the local media. It is always a necessity. The local medias usually have limited opportunities. This is a big problem for them. So they should be supported. Survey Management has made a survey about the local media in Elazığ and it has reached very important results about the local media's problems during this research.
This paper focuses on the perception about Islam among non-Muslims in Dubai, United Arab Emirates (UAE). ‘Islam, the most talked about religion, bears the impact of misconceptions through mass media, most of the Muslims in western countries faced criticisms, followed by Islamophobia. Fortuitously, non- Muslims and Muslims were least effected in UAE by the international events, however, there had been few cases of blasphemy incidents. Islam is known to be spread through understanding, that’s why ‘there have been evident works carried out by Muslim scholars, scientists and intellectuals in several countries, evaluating the use of Information and communication technology (ICT) to promote Islamic knowledge. So understanding the relevance of technology in Da’wah becomes a necessary function at present. This report is intended to focus on effective Da’wah in United Arab Emirates (U.A.E), specifically Dubai to understand the role of ICT in disseminating the Islamic knowledge to Non-Muslim residents in this region. At present, statistical data covering the interest rate of non-Muslims to learn Islam is absent. Also, the availability of Da’wah mediums is through formal organizations only, hence, the gap between effective Da’wah and the non-Muslims pursuing to know Islam is distend. Due to this reason, a new media is proposed, essentially an English Radio station about Islam along with other communication tools to address the above issues and help bridge the gap. Moreover the report will attempt to cover important aspects of Muslims and non-Muslims perception of Islam and how it could be implied through the above proposal.
Does new media use foster favourable attitudes towards homosexuality? Data from Pew Research Global Attitudes survey from 24 countries are used to test the new media contact hypothesis—individuals using Internet and social media are more likely to be exposed to novel out-group information generally censored in countries they live in, and as a result, may hold favourable attitudes towards homosexuality. Results from multi-level models show that Internet use, social media use, and attitudes towards Internet freedom are positively associated with attitudes towards homosexuality, even after controlling for traditional predictors of gay prejudice—sex, age, education, income and religiosity. Moreover, individuals in countries with low HIV/AIDS prevalence, ranking high on Gay Happiness Index, without antigay laws, and relatively free Internet access were more likely to report more accepting attitudes towards homosexuality. New media campaigns may be more economical and efficient way to reach out to general publics to reduce prejudice.
With the rapid rise in popularity over recent years of live cinema screenings of theatrical performances, known as ‘event cinema’, this paper examines this new medium of entertainment and the extent to which it is a hybrid of two quite different media. It explores the differences between storytelling and direction techniques on stage and on screen, and the extent to which remediating between the two changes the way the audience experiences the performance. It asks what audiences for these events are looking for and expecting, and examines some sharply differing approaches which have been taken by different screen directors. Finally it suggests that as remediations these are, in effect, adaptations of the original stage work, and that therefore the screen director should take editorial responsibility, and credit for what has become a separate artistic entity from the original stage performance.
This study aims to find out how people in China promote participation among themselves in civic activities in voluntary associations. Extensive studies have been conducted to find out how Chinese citizens promote civic engagement in China amidst media regulations. Network mechanisms that reveal the online networked patterns of communication directing towards civic engagement may be marred by their circumventions around the prevalent state regulations on media. Therefore, we propose to look at offline communication settings without interference or restrictions from the state. We found that communication networks of people in China follows the resource-based perspective of social capital which has conceptual similarity to modern-day guanxi. Likewise, it was expected that the promotion of participation in civic activities follows this particular perspective: being able to connect with a high contact status, within one’s network, has a positive impact on the promotion of civic engagement. However, our results are contrary to our expectations. Rather, we found that it is the frequency of interaction within one’s non-kins network as well as frequency eating-out with non-kin others plays a significant role in the promotion of participation in civic activities.
This work investigates the “Impact of web-based Korean content on brand selection among female youth of Lahore” through intensive focus group discussion and questionnaire survey as a tool of data collection. It targeted twelve heavy viewers of Korean content as focus group experts and two hundred respondents of K-drama (Korean drama) viewers. This study examines the influence of Korean content on female youth; either they are getting inspired by Korean nation. Moreover Korean content is cultivating desire of action which is to buy Korean brands promoting in. First hypothesis is ‘The web-based Korean content significantly influencing female youth of Lahore’; second hypothesis is ‘South Korea is doing nation branding through web-based Korean content’. The general findings revealed that Korean content and its influence on youth are drastically proportion; the more youth watches Korean content the more they are affecting by Korean nation. Additionally the increased exposure of brands promoting in Korean content raising the craving to Korean brands in female youth. This study additionally investigates different measurements identified with research point and makes suggestions for further extension so in future another researcher can improve examine on Korean content.
Using multidimensional scaling, this study compares how Hong Kong and British receivers process newspaper accounts of a user-generated video that had gone viral in Hong Kong. The two groups differed in causal attribution and types of schemas applied. Hong Kong receivers were more discerning of the press coverage and largely focused on the incident’s social currency whereas British receivers adopted the issues suggested by the newspapers. In both groups, higher levels of engagement were associated with trend and identification schemas. These findings suggest that familiarity affects evaluative ability and applicable knowledge, but not necessarily engagement which influences the mode of news processing.
This study examines how political trust and life satisfaction influence Chinese young adults’ online political participation, and how these factors affect their perception of new credibility. The results show that life satisfaction is a salient factor in influencing Chinese young adults’ online political engagement. Life satisfaction, and online political participation were found to be significant predictors of Chinese young adults’ perception of online news credibility, whereas, political distrust can predict their perception of online news distortion.
This paper aims to explore factors influencing people’s attitudes toward nanofood in Singapore. Drawing on expectancy-value theories, this paper conducted a web-based survey (N=1,001) to measure the influences of beliefs of food technology, evaluations of food naturalness, and media consumption about food safety on attitudes toward nanofood and willingness to purchase nanofood products. Results suggested that attitudes toward nanofood are directly shaped by beliefs of food technology, whose influence is partially mediated by media consumption. Attitudes toward nanofood were also positively related to willingness to purchase nanofood. However, our study found no significant effect of food naturalness evaluations on attitudes toward nanofood. This paper helps to elucidate the significance of favorable perceptions of food technology and informative media messages in encouraging positive attitudes toward nanofood.
Persuasion, and credibility are highly interrelated with each other and especially in the branch of mass media and communication, these two issues are widely taken into consideration for practice. It is, however, interesting to see that over time as the media has shaped its form, the different source of media content generation started impacting on the credibility of the content. A challenge for the new media professionals is therefore to create credible content. Persuasion is closely related to the media business and this can play a crucial role in creating content that can be perceived as credible. On the other hand, negative persuasion or adverse use of persuasion can create content that is not truly credible, but the subject may perceive them as credible content anyways. This theoretical paper proposes a framework for persuasive credible electronic media content generation. The existing theoretical framework of the Fox Behavioral Model was considered to identify the different parameters that were used to generate the proposed framework. Finally, discussions and conclusions were given.
44% of Australian participants agreed that they could trust most news most of the time, 39% trusted news organisations and 27% trusted journalists. The Australian survey is part of a wider global study of digital news consumption in 25 other countries in 2016. With reference to the global data, this paper draws some informal comparisons between news consumption in the three Asia Pacific countries which participated in the 2016 survey – Australia, Japan and Korea. It was assumed that the very different news systems in each country would preclude meaningful comparison. Nevertheless the survey data indicate some broad similarities across respondents in these countries with regard to news access via digital-born brands as well as some preference for soft news consumption. Further comparison to other countries in the global survey are made; for example respondents from Greece indicated the highest preference for hard news and respondents from Finland and Spain preferred to access news via print media.
In 2014, $1 billion disappeared from three of Moldova’s main banks creating a hole in the public finances equivalent to an eighth of the country’s GDP [1]. The bank fraud was the reason for Moldovan people to take to the streets and protest the low standard living and deep-rooted corruption in the government. This paper will look into the use of the new media in the case of the anti-government protests of Moldova through a mapping of studies on the importance of new media and protest participation.
As the public and media continue to turn to the online world there is an increasing need to preserve and examine digital content. As part of a study on the Victorian media’s reporting of violence against women it became evident that traditional methods of searching for content were not adaptable to collecting online news. After consultation with service providers, other researchers and existing literature it became apparent that this dilemma was not unique to our field of inquiry and the issues extended beyond the sampling stage and into the content analysis methods themselves. There are warnings of the inadequacy of these methods and a number of suggestions have been made such as, triangulation of different databases and the combination of computational and human methods. However, there is no definitive solution to this problem nor are there set protocols or standards as to how to proceed in this area of study. As called for by scholars Michael Karlsson and Helle Sjovaag[1], this paper aims to provide the research community with a transparent account of the challenges and decisions made when grappling with the issue of collecting online news content. It is suggested that more proactive collaboration between newsroom archivists, database services and researchers is needed going forward. It is vital that we find creative ways to capture online news content which plays a significant role in the formation of public attitudes and beliefs not only about domestic violence, but a broad range of social issues.
The growth of fake news in Indonesia caused by political polarisation has triggered the growth of media literacy movement to educate people. Two organisations named Masyarakat Anti Fitnah Indonesia (Mafindo) and Nahdlatul Ulama (NU) have been doing a “Turn Back Hoax” movement using digital technology to debunk fake news and sectarian issue on religion which has become massive during the Jakarta governorate election in 2017. Working with Indonesian government and other communities has strengthened their movement even though the fake news itself could not be eradicated entirely. Neither Mafindo nor NU are able to forecast their accomplishment and further existence. Yet, both of them agree the effectiveness of the movement could be seen when the fake news is no longer present.
Social media platforms continue to flourish and evolve as the use and practices surrounding them constantly change. These platforms have become deeply embedded in some cultures and in others, their use is relatively underutilized. In order to further understand the importance of the use of social media in digital activism, this study examines how the protest was framed in social media platforms, and the role that social media played in holding mainstream media accountable during the 2012 Occupy Nigeria protest. To evaluate this, we analyzed contents from protesters’ Facebook Groups, Twitter feeds of the Occupy Nigeria protests and Nairaland, and interview responses from 19 students, attending the University of Lagos, Lagos State and Rivers State University of Science and Technology in Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria who participated in the protest. The results indicate that the protest was defined by protesters on social media platforms as a revolution while advocating that the policy to end the fuel subsidy by the government be abolished as the solution for them to end the protest. What was uncovered is that the local mainstream media refused to cover the protest at its inception until they were forced to do so by the protesters, and this perceived inaction of the local mainstream media became sources of motivation for some of the participants to participate in the protest.
this study identifies motives of uploading Mount Bromo photos in Instagram as well as social interaction occurring as one of social commerce activities. Social commerce is a new stream of e-commerce occurring as the emergence of social interaction in social media. The fact that Indonesia has the high number of social media user may indirectly depict how social conversation influence one another. Particularly in the tourism sector, which recently become a highly developing sector. Additionally, this study focus the tourism site on Mount Bromo. Based on the topics, a qualitative research method was conducted. interviews were performed to gather data from informants, who were chosen purposively. Results showed that Instagram users have two motivations in uploading Mount Bromo photos. First, they want to share traveling experiences as intrinsic motivation. Second, they expect people’s reactions such as gaining likes and comments as extrinsic motivation. Social interaction occurred by exchanging information in the comment box. This interaction influence others to decide their future traveling plan to Mount Bromo, thus making an online booking to realize the future plan.
From the year-long Golden Jubilee events commemorating fifty years of sovereignty, to the passing of its former statesman Lee Kuan Yew, and to the General Elections, 2015 can be considered a significant year for Singapore. Given the magnitude of resources invested into shaping citizenry through these events, the deeper social impact of such efforts remains to be gauged. Using a timeline-mapping approach, 50 respondents of a relatively young and highly-educated profile plotted their most memorable events in 2015, and six were further interviewed. The findings saw a low recollection of public-political memories amid a multitude of personal-domestic memories, despite Mr Lee’s passing was the most remembered national event. This paper offers that Singaporeans value memories of personal life more than public events; however, both sets of recall could be more complementary than separate, as Singaporeans’ sense of nationhood seems to lie amid day-to-day experiences rather than in grand-scale national events.
Not many years ago, say about 10, India had only 1 radio network: All India Radio (AIR). After government gave the final to nod to have private fm stations, within 5 years (2002 to 2007) we saw the numbers rising to 300 radio stations in various states and cities. Through this paper, I wish to emphasize upon the importance of preparing before a person go in and host the show and at the same time, how the show presenters and the programming team comes together to churn out interesting content for the listener, every day! Following seminar paper is an attempt to have an understanding of how to show presenters prepare themselves before they go on-air and entertain us, how important is whole concept of gearing yourself up for the task and how to develop content with regards to indian private radio industry.
One major consequence in evaluating media performance in news coverage was the determination of which issues or information was more important than others in public opinion. In agenda setting, the gauge of issue salience provides a significant indication about the importance of real-world issues and events. Agenda setting researchers, therefore, have discussed and analyzed the cross-lagged relationship between mainstream media content and how it determines the agenda of the public (Servin & Tankard, 2001). Media scholars found a convincing support for the idea that the media played a central role in influencing public attention to perceive particular issues as important, see (Iyengar and Kinder 2010 & McCombs 1978)
This research aims to capture how Asia-Pacific ethnic print media are surviving in the digital media age. It covers two countries and three cities — Brisbane and Sydney in Australia and Auckland in New Zealand. These destinations were chosen as major hubs of Pacific Islander and Asian migrants, with a thriving ethnic media scene. This particular pilot study is focused on Brisbane, with Sydney and Auckland scheduled for completion later in 2017. The impact of digital media on mainstream print media is fairly well researched, but somewhat neglected with regards to ethnic print media. This study aims were to address this gap. The study, based on online research and face-to-face interviews with ethnic print media proprietors, shows that ethnic newspapers are holding out better than their mainstream counterparts in some respects, but major challenges lie ahead.
Malaysia is one of the largest maritime countries located in Southeast Asia and one of the most biologically diverse in the world. The marine environment is fundamental to the Malaysian livelihood, humans’ sustenance and economic growth because of the richness in natural resources and the diversity of ecosystems. As the result, human activities; including over-exploitation, food consumption, tourism, as well as any other economic activities are found to have significant impacts on the ocean and are considered as a major contributor to the marine life extinction.
In all pageants, a certain set of standards are always imposed upon the candidates by the people who perpetuate these ideologies. Our study aimed to see whether these standards are based on a socially constructed reality created within the pageant culture as well as the role of symbolic interactionism in building their social reality. A series of stereotypes and impressions are created by others, as well as accompanying criticisms and judgments that are not explicitly stated and hidden behind what seems to be constructive commentary, occurrences of microaggression. We analyzed fifteen pageant queens - five from each location - in order to find out their pageant experiences, ideologies, and personal manner of communication. An informal interview was conducted with each of the 15 respondents with a questionnaire composed of questions that tackle physical attributes, self-image, capabilities, and opinions on other candidates in relation to them. The interviews were recorded, transcribed, and separated in such a way that they answered the four main problems of the study. The data was analyzed through the use of concepts from the Social Construction of Reality and Microaggression. We were able to determine the apparent presence of a socially constructed reality within the pageant culture and the presence of microaggression experiences among the beauty pageant titlists - not only as victims of it, but also as perpetrators of it.
Animals turned to be pets in houses a long time ago and the ones chosen for specific requirements of those days are still friends and beloved. Yet, the history is full of examples judging all values through different perspectives and changing them throughout the time. The values attributed to the cats got its share from these changes as well. The humble, lovely, tiny friends of our time passed through difficult days to get their full recognition without being affected through various believes and traditions.
The family is the only institution that provides a general and important battlefield in he modern society. The world is becoming more and more individualized yet more communicative and social with the impact of the media. Having both the commonality and privacy, the family settings provide a substructure to perform the first steps of life for any individual. The fullness of the family members or the lack of them provide extra settings as to make it more complex since the gathering of the family in nowadays is becoming more and more impossible. General or individual celebrations of the family provide settings such as Thanksgiving day, Mothers’ day or Father’s day assisting the protection of certain values in a world wide platform. These concepts surround the individuals not only in the society, in real life but also in media in virtual reality. Selling directly or indirectly to the family and realizing the importance of the family concept the media media suffers from the traditional sense of family spending time together, doing mass screenings in front of TV set as everyone used to be once upon a time. Because, in this type of monitoring, individuals have the chance to reach and activate multiple messages and use other interactive tools. Yet, today's individuals have almost completely abandoned with collective tracking habits, developing and enriching their interests and increasing ownership of technological equipment such as ipads, tablets, computers, cell phones and other equipment. In the meantime traditional television channels keep on representing the family in different ways sometimes, united, sometimes separated or contradicting with each other. This study focuses on how the concept of family is presented in the media in general terms and whether such a family structure overlaps with the general community structure. The last five years is focused since television broadcasts and television commercials are thought to have an important role in the way the family reflects the preservation of the existence and value of the family and its appropriation for future generations. The paper analysis the family types presented in the screen, discusses the representational function of them, compares and contrasts them with those clusters of the real society.
The course of this research aims to shed light on a rather obscure topic: the civil war in El Salvador that took place from 1980-1992. The armed combat officially took place between the Salvadoran government military – which was supported by the United States – and guerrilla fighters who self organized (some of whom with the aid of Communist powers). There are many layers within this topic, oftentimes with both sides claiming a different reality. However, the reality being examined here deals directly with the words of Archbishop Oscar Arnulfo Romero, who held the position from 1977 until 1980 when he was assassinated. Using the Pentadic rhetorical criticism, I seek to better understand the multi-faceted situation in which Archbishop Romero gave this homily – the last one he gave before his assassination. In addition to utilizing the words of Romero himself, I also include a first hand account of the Rio Sumpul Massacre which took place in 1980. I translated and transcribed the testimony in real time, understanding the qualification that this man could count on one hand how many times he has decided to share what he witnessed that day – the day most of his family and almost 700 other Salvadoran refugees were slaughtered by both Salvadoran and Honduran soldiers. Utilizing the pentadic form of criticism and the lens of dramatism, I am better able to explain the many players within this one scene. Hopefully it will not only illuminate a very dark time in human history, but also honor this brave man’s testimony and the memory of the tens of thousands of innocent Salvadoran victims who lost their lives in the name of “peace.”
You house is on fire. A knot just lodged itself deep within the pit of your stomach, telling you its presence will not soon be forgotten. With overwhelming exasperation, you look on helplessly; billowing waves of flame envelope your home, the heat of which is strong enough to blind you. You want to look away, but the sight of it is all you have left to hold onto now, and you feel that shielding your eyes would be giving up this one last piece of home before it truly disappears. Most importantly you and your family are safe – but where will you go? Certainly a house can be rebuilt, but you will never get back what you’ve lost. You were struggling to support yourself as it was, you stave a brave face but you know full well that you don’t have the resources to fix this on your own. How do you explain this to people, how will they truly understand your experience? How do you begin to convince other people that this could happen to them as well? This is an experience that many marginalized communities are being faced with, but these people aren’t necessarily combatting flames. While some in power fail to recognize the ways in which the earth’s climate is changing, in his Encyclical Laudato Si, Pope Francis points to “the 1 Pope Francis. Encyclical Letter of the Supreme Pontiff Francis; On Care For Our Common Home: intimate relationship between the poor and the fragility of the planet, and the conviction that everything in the world is connected” (LS 16).1 But the truth is, oftentimes those with the largest capacity to change this reality are the ones who are not directly affected by climate change in the first place. If you stand there watching a house become engulfed in flame, you wouldn’t look at the homeowner and say, “No, your house is not on fire.” But with the nature of the environmental problems the world is facing today, it is much easier to tell someone that the science is not proven, or that the data is being manipulated, than it is to simply accept the truth of something which you have not yet experienced.
Textbooks are part of the complex system of a society which includes teachers, parents and the entire education system. It reflects the views and values of the society in which this society has developed. This is one of the most important tools of socialization of the new generation in different societies. School textbooks affect the experiences of people participating in the process of communication. Textbooks are the members of the society as social agents of socialization to reach the values and theories to the next generation.To study the communicative function of the textbooks four different school and five subjects were taken. Content analysis and Survey methods were chosen to conduct this study. On the basis of the content analysis it was found that many important values like Non Violence, Truthfulness and Peace were not given importance but, some other important values were included like , love, courage, good manners and patriotism. Subject matter of the lessons was very diverse in which historical and cultural, general knowledge were given prominence but science and technology was given less importance. In the Text books it is important to give importance to many values so that the new generation can assimilate those values. It is more important to pay attention to social and national values rather than individual values.
This paper explores and provides an understanding of how B-to-B relationships can be better understood by incorporating a social capital (SC) framework in a business communication context. It also argues that SC dimensions (i.e. relational, cognitive and structural), underpin alliances that are salient to international business. A synthesis of the literature on Bto- B SC and loyalty into a single, process-based framework is established, together with institutional texture insights for firms to harness and develop for success. The central argument is that investments in relationship building not only enhance B-to-B loyalty but over time fashion the nature and depth of the alliance for the international firm. It also refines theoretical framework for business processes using network theory, social exchange theory, agent theory and business action theory. The paper adds to the literature on international B-to-B collaborations whilst having the potential in providing managerially relevant ("actionable") results in ‘how’ and in ‘what way’ B-to-B SC can be harnessed in the 21st century international business system.
This study draws from the collective action and public relations literature to examine the multilevel relationships between interaction styles, perceived organizational-member relational quality, and organizational identification on cooperation outcomes in civil society groups in Singapore. Results from structural equation modeling based on a survey of 100 civil society members revealed (1) interpersonal interaction and engagement indirectly influencing cooperation through perceived organizational relational quality and identification, (2) personal interactions with organization members having greater effects on organizational identification than personal interactions with staff, and (3) entrepreneurial engagement styles having positive effects on perceived relational quality, but negative effects on organizational identification.
Have social media changed the habits of the listeners? This paper analyses an interactive programme broadcasted on the belgian public radio station. The listeners can use Twitter to have a say. The systems in place have made it easier to react to programmes, but only a certain section of the population can master the technology and these people are not far removed from the news professionals with interest and good knowledge. These active listeners are at the crossroads between the traditional media audience, on the one hand, and the active public, on the other.
Jeffrey Rosen in his book ‘The Naked Crowd’ and David Reisman in his book ‘The Lonely Crowd’ draw very pessimistic portrays of the people today living in the big cities or in towns in the state of insecurity - perhaps more than the other times of old civilizations. Under the issues they’ve questioned in their books, this paper is an attempt to analyze the value of Turkey in the new established Europe and to handle the question of security in the age of communication. Doors as the gates of security seem to be very functional architectural elements of our daily life. They are the symbols of mobility and transfer of the modern times. However, the transcendental truth of the past and present force people to attribute different meanings to the doors for many centuries. Having a cultural heritage of generations, people tend to look at the door in different ways consuming not only the object itself but the underlying messages. The messages could be the geographical ones as well as the traditional ones stemming from the given society and culture or the religious ones. The inherited thoughts and believes of the centuries are still represented in the present time and hoped to be delivered to the future generations. When we have a look at the object as a part of the cultural heritage including tangible culture facts such as buildings, we may find some symbols still carrying the semiotic messages for different belief systems and elements of cultural parts such as folklore, traditions, language and knowledge. The doors tend to implement hopes and fears as well as tragedies and cultivations.
McLuhan’s prophesy of global village has become a reality. Media technologies such as the internet, satellites and optical fiber have led to the intensive growth of social interconnections. We can now very well consider the world as a single place. This advancement has also led to rapid increase in cross cultural communication and social connections cutting across geographical boundaries. Communication process has become less complicated and easy in nature enabling people to not only connect to others but also provide scope and prospects for intercultural marriages, which are indeed, an exciting phenomena in today‘s world. Since marriage is an important revered social institution in all human society, it is pertinent to examine the impact of this trend in the human integration system and its effect in the inter-cultural marriages from communication perspective. The union of two different cultures in marriage can easily cause various complications to occur not just between the spouses but also in the respective community as a whole. As two different people coming together have to integrate two different set of cultures and values, it can create language, emotional and identity barriers, especially among the smaller tribal communities of Arunachal Pradesh, where, maintaining balance between traditional marriage system and the emerging trends of marriages between different communities is culturally and socially difficult and is still a challenging proposition. However, this intensification of social interconnection within the different communities also indicates progressive nature of the society which provides opportunities to promote multiculturalism and help maintain harmony and co-existence amongst the different tribes of the state particularly during hostile ethnic and intra-tribe conflict. It is at this backdrop, that this qualitative study examines the challenges and scope of the emerging trends in intercultural marriages between different tribes of Arunachal Pradesh through the prism of communication dynamics. A constructivist approach was adopted to identify various factors and issues related to communication within intercultural married families.
This paper captures a new frontier of storytelling in digital media by senior citizens in the Blacktown Memories project. Third year journalism students from Western Sydney University have been working on this project. As digital natives these young adults incessantly update their profiles on social media with the places they have been and seen, eaten at, what they are wearing and what their next stop will be. The students are empowering the seniors by recording and retelling their memories as video stories. The students listen, soak in the narratives, understand and present the hi/stories with engaged and collaborative research; value adding to the evidence with a variety of sources, while creating a renewed interest in the future of digital journalism. The stories, captured as narratives during interviews, are backed by full transcriptions and photos. The project facilitates a live, interactive platform; allowing comment and sharing other narratives on Blacktown, from across the globe. This paper considers journalism’s story telling where construction usually stretches evidence to conform to contours of a skeleton theme therefore “We must leave out the details that don’t fit, and invent some that make things work better.” [1] It contributes to understanding the changing media landscape, which gives voice to the voiceless. The study focuses on journalism at the dawn of a new era in the construction and maintenance of Australians’ collective memory, shared hi/stories and dreams and aspirations for the future of journalism. It considers how the new landscape of commemorative and interactive journalism facilitates storytelling to reach large global audiences simultaneously and evaluates new media; a growth area demanding the expertise of trained journalists while providing creative alternatives for journalism graduates. Blacktown City Council’s ‘memories’ website is the powerbase of this new media space.
This paper uses Michel Foucault’s Discourse Theory to examine discursive constructions of negotiations for a Government of National Unity (GNU) between Zimbabwe’s ruling party Zanu PF and opposition parties in the Zimbabwean Diaspora media. The negotiations preceded a protracted political conflict lasting close to a decade characterised by a deepening economic and political crisis, disputed elections, a violent land reform programme and a vicious urban clean-up operation by the ZANU PF government. Empirical data comprises of a corpus of a purposively sampled corpus of archival news articles published in various Zimbabwean diaspora media between 27 June 2008 and 13 September 13, 2008. The paper argues that the Zimbabwean diaspora media were oriented towards conflict rather than consensus and peace-building as demonstrated by their tilt towards conflict escalation as opposed to conflict resolution and cessation. The paper argues that the discursive construction of the GNU reflect the conflict entrepreneurial of the Zimbabwean Diaspora media which is shaped by contradictory reflexes in relation to the host and home country. This way, the study contributes new knowledge to the nascent field of diaspora and conflict.
This paper builds a simple model to demonstrate that in the public affairs reporting, with the participant of social media, the two-step flow hypothesis may trace a collective failure. In our model, two opinion leaders supposed opposite standpoint about political issues, aiming establish influence over two-sides supporters. But due to the presented of social media such as Facebook, Twitter or WeChat1, the non-partisans audience who are the key of voters may be misled to an inferior choice rather than a superior one. Meanwhile, this effect also takes place on the standpoint of opinion leaders who will eventually pander toward the majority. That consequence we called the collective failure became more and more common nowadays and may challenge the collective rationality in mass communication society.
This study examined the inter-media agenda setting relationship between the traditional media in China(i.e., People's Daily;) and social media (i.e., Wechat). Results of time series analyses provided evidence assesses the argument that social media, specifically Wechat, has a direct influence on the news media agenda. This thesis explored the relative influence of each media on the other in an age where some scholars are questioning the agenda-setting role of traditional news media. It’s easy to find in the research that social media paid higher attention than traditional media.The timeliness is found social media is much shorter than traditional media, but topics to fade very quickly. And both by concern the event of issues also different, traditional media more bias congratulated praised and the public spread scientific knowledge.In the subject of scientific communication, social media platforms are more inclined to science communication in the "human" participation and controversial issue, at the same time, social media science texts presented in quality, depth of content, and issues affecting traditional media, its role in science communication should not be ignored.
This study seeks to interrogate the neoliberal logic embedded in the discourse of National AIDS Control Organization (NACO), which is the nodal organization for policy formulation and implementation of National AIDS Control Programme (NACP) in India since 1992. Building on postcolonial health communication scholarship, this study looks at how the construction of Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) as an individualized behaviour-based disease maintains the global hegemony of neoliberalism. In the light of understanding the neoliberal agenda underlying the framing of the disease, this article analyses the NACO Annual Report of 2014 examining the goals, objectives, taken for granted assumptions, and issues that remain absent from the discursive space. The central idea here is that the representation of the disease and the solutions for it in the discursive space resonates with the logics of neoliberalism of individual behaviour, technological advancement, and publicprivate partnership.
The article introduces immersive journalism and analyzes the privacy issue in this new field of journalism in the United States. By doing the legal analysis, the article argues that even though cases and other sources of laws that directly related to the privacy issue of immersive journalism could hardly be found in the United States, similar situations could be utilized to argue that immersive journalism could be protected by the current laws. The article also suggests that journalists and media organizations should use the new technology cautiously and morally. A new journalism ethic regarding immersive journalism should be wildly discussed.
“Discourse” is not simply equal to “Voice”. It refers to a socializing process of creating meanings and values. It is not a right to talk, but a kind of power to make rules and shape the public opinion. The fundamental unit of discourse is statement with different subjects. It can be a person, a community, a government, a country or even an international organization that is speaking. And when we talk about a country making statement and expressing its meanings and values, it can be defined as the “International Discourse Power”.
Emotion is one of the most important indicators of the stakeholders’ interpretation of crisis situation; however, little research has paid enough attention to how publics experience different types of emotions in different crisis situations. The purpose of this study is to investigate how publics’ emotional responses vary in three different crisis clusters: victim cluster, accidental cluster and preventable cluster. A content analysis of 1,800 publics’ postings to nine crisis cases (three cases in each crisis cluster) posted on these nine organizations’ official Facebook pages or official websites reveals that publics feel a range of different emotions in different crisis situations, including anger, anxiety, fright, sadness, sympathy, disappointment, alertness and gratefulness. In addition, different primary emotions are expressed by publics in three different crisis clusters. Anger is the dominant emotion in preventable crisis, and also is the most frequently expressed emotion in accidental crisis. However, in victim crisis cases, sadness is the most frequently expressed emotion by publics. Overall, the findings indicate the significant role of public’s emotional response in a crisis. Also, the findings demonstrate a potential for developing an effective corporate response strategy in a given crisis situation, considering the crisis cluster and publics’ emotional responses.
In this article the widows of the cotton growing farmers in Vidarbha region in Maharashtra relate their experiences of indebtedness and crop failures leading to their husband’s suicides. The voices of the widows of farmers who committed suicides amid the agrarian crisis in India disrupt the neoliberal narrative of development charted along the lines of high yield agriculture. The theoretical framework of the culturecentered approach presented in the essay privileges the everyday lived experiences of the widows to speak to the policy framework of liberalization of agriculture. Based on in-depth interviews conducted across villages this article sheds light on the meaning and explanation of agrarian crisis through the voices of widows of farmers.
Culture centered approach is a theoretical approach that gives primacy to the voices of the disenfranchised communities to lay bare the lacunae in the dominant frameworks of health, state policies in various domains, and larger public discourse, that exclude these communities. However for a researcher who employs the culture-centered approach, listening and understanding the narratives of the communities also means interrogating one’s own privilege that is constituted within the very same frameworks. Continuous critical reflexivity on part of the researcher exposes the limits of solidarity with the community and tries the limits of a researcher who has to negotiate unforeseen challenges that fieldwork throws at them. This panel brings into discussion three separate ethnographic fieldworks that employed the culture centered approach in their research with marginalised communities in two countries. Together these auto-ethnographies of researchers make a contribution to the culture centered approach in theory and praxis both.
This paper aims at analyzing selected visual artists’ Instagram profiles, under the aspect of digital narratology. In artist’s profiles, it is argued, one can identify different, often converging patterns of digital self-representational stories which oscillate between aesthetic performance and self-narration, identity building and self-promotion. As a tool for self-narration in digital environments, social network sites provide structures that allow their users to optimize the mediatized identity construction on monetary and temporal counts Through the "exteriorization" and publication of memories or the sharing of digital artifacts and their implementation into the narrated self, the individual makes the once-defined digital narrative accessible to a potentially exponentially larger audience than it would be possible via interpersonal communication. The findings indicate that artist's digital narratives on Instagram disclose a mechanism that is usually less explicit: the transmutation of an artifact into a work of art. The value of an artwork and of the artist who created, is formed by mechanisms of public recognition, whereby recognition by important actors in the field of art is particularly advantageous for the accumulation of symbolic artistic capital. The reciprocal effect of value formation in the field of art can be traced very well on the basis of social media platforms such as Instagram: because a person is considered an artist, his practices (e.g. the posting of a photograph on Instagram) are interpreted by other actors as artistic practices.
The second decade of the new millennium saw many companies consciously moving to what pro-woman advocates and ad enthusiasts call ‘femvertising’, a term coined during Advertising Week and popularized through SheKnows Media that launched Femvertising awards to honour brands that created “pro-woman” and “stereotype-busting” ads. The purpose of this paper was to explore the existing conversation about a rising trend in advertising that talks directly about women’s issues, projects women’s power and annihilates conventional gender norms especially gender roles; and to see whether Indian ads are following suit. The selected ads were all from different brands and they were popular and readily available and shared on the internet, accentuating the effect of television advertising. The critical review was carried out for the selected ad on three dimensions of female protagonist, stereotype-bust and challenging gender-norms. The result is clear, and can be read in tandem with the conversations happening in the digital space (#femvertising), Indian brands are embracing femvertising. The study will help by drawing attention to research scope on femvertising and in supporting studies that examines the use of stereotype-busting or counter stereotypical themes in Indian advertising and its effects.
The primary objective of this study is to formulate effective broadcast strategies for Bombo Radyo-Iloilo, the leading radio station in Iloilo, to meet the existing broadcast media code of the Philippines. Survey Questions, in-depth interviews, participant observation, and organized discussions were utilized to gather data from the officials of Bombo Radyo-Iloilo and other stakeholders. On the other hand, Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats (SWOT) analysis was used to evaluate and process all collected data from the respondents, as well as the information gathered from the initial organized discussions. The researcher conducted two separate initial organized discussions. Meaning, the first organized discussion was only participated by the officials and other key informants of Bombo Radyo-Iloilo while the second discussion was attended by other stakeholders. Afterwards, the researcher arranged another group discussion for both the officials of Bombo Radyo-Iloilo and other stakeholders. Based on the findings of the study, the following are the formulated effective broadcast strategies: (1) Reflect and promote local Identity, character and culture, (2) Create diversity of voices and opinions, (3) Encourage open dialogue and democratic process, (4) Promote social change and development, (5) Promote good governance and civil society, (6) Involve the stakeholders in the formulation of policy, (7) Train and educate all broadcast practitioners to have direct knowledge on the existing broadcast media policy, (8) Strengthen community ownership rather than corporate media ownership, and (9) Strengthen self-police power to monitor broadcast practitioners. The research provides recommendations for Bombo Radyo-Iloilo Philippines, Association of Broadcasters of the Philippines or Kapisanan ng mga Brodkaster ng Pilipinas (KBP), and the Government on how to implement the formulated effective broadcast strategies.
This study aims to compare the level of financial performance in dynasties and non dynasties to then be connected with the level of welfare society in each region. Independent variable in this research consist of Revenue, Expenditure, and Grant. While the dependent variable consists of financial performance and community welfare. Financial Kinerka variables are measured using the ratio of effectiveness, efficiency and harmony of spending. While the welfare variable is measured by Human Development Index. Population used is all provincial government, municipal government and local government In Indonesia between year 2011-2015. The samples used were 56 local governments consisting of 28 dynasties and 28 non-Dynasty regions. By using Covariance Analysis it is known that financial performance in non dynasty area is better than dynastic area. While the level of community welfare in the dynasty area is better than daeran non dynasty, but the difference is not significant. And last is known that capital expenditure proved to influence to level of financial performance and society prosperity..
Much of the literature on the challenges that contemporary journalists face accords with experiences in India: media concentration and conglomeration; the proliferation of digital ICTs; and the rise of contractual employment and decreased collective power of journalists have been associated with a loss of bargaining power in newsrooms and the erosion of professional autonomy. Previous research suggests that when journalists are unionised, there remains a greater possibility of protecting editorial autonomy against the interests of corporate owners. In India the unions of journalists and other newspaper employees were engaged in a long-drawn struggle for state institutionalised protection–– a developing economy where organised labour largely enjoyed democratic rights and freedoms. However, the impact of journalists’ unions has not been straightforward when it comes to protecting professional interests and autonomy. Drawing from a case study of journalists’ unions in the Indian state of West Bengal this paper examines these issues.
Narration is a feature which is at the heart of the logic of use of digital media. Users taking a part in digital media with various motivations as socialization, being aware of the agenda, enlightening and self-realization meets around common contents and can create new stories. Meeting around social, political, universal emotions and ideas and creating a common agenda with content sharing, people become a part of a common history in this regard.
The incidences creating influence on social and international scale comprise a dimension of the agenda occurred in digital media. Heartbreaking events that Syrian refugees experienced in their own countries and during their migration journeys are significant samples in these agendas. Humanitarian sensitiveness took place on universal scale turns those incidents into a common history of humanity with a story line so to speak. Some events that are indignant with the purpose of diminishing gory reality of negative incidents and strengthening sensitiveness are committed to diminishing gory reality of negative incidents and strengthening sensitiveness are committed to memory of common history with several narration methods. Metaphoric narration style almost refictionalizes the aforementioned events and thus reproduces with a common consensus among people. Portraying lifeless body of Syrian baby, Aylan, which came ashore at her home, bed and suchlike places where a child needs to be, in the posts shared by social media users in positive manners as a metaphor is an example of reproduction of an event by making a story of it. The incidents are handled as a story in these samples and turn into a common creation.
The effect that this style of narration of social media specific to itself had on people will be discussed in this study. The answers of such questions as “how does approach of narration affect the sensitiveness towards people-subject matter-event? Does it strengthen the memory concerning the agenda? How is metaphoric narration perceived by people? What is the level and motivation of preferring this approach in generating contents and sharing posts?” will be sought. The research will be carried out through the analysis of the date to be acquired with an online questionnaire method on twitter and facebook users.
Monitoring of the online traffic is often made with commercial purposes. The detection of the user's personal interests and representing advertisements according to these is called Online Behavioral Advertising (OBA). The technology used with this purpose, also provides profiling of the person with all specifications. In this study, online web monitoring which is an information collection method and the privacy issues are addressed with technical and legal aspects. The effectiveness of the methods that can be used to ensure the privacy of personal data, are also discussed. Online Behavioral Advertising(OBA) is a more effective type of advertising than other types of Internet advertising applications. However, monitoring the movement of the person through the OBA and identifying the areas of interest is an undesirable action for many. Very few people are aware of this, although all Internet users are the targets of OBA implementations. While at first glance it appears to be an extremely useful advertising model for both consumers and advertisers, the trends in the internet are seen and hidden not only in consumption habits, needs and interests but also in memberships in civil society organizations, political and religious tendencies. The use of personalized advertisements can not be ignored, but OBA studies in an environment where there is no control and no legal regime will be able to reach the extent of the rape of personality rights. The fact that Internet users are unaware that all the movements on the Internet are monitored by the OBA means that the situation gets worse.
This study was conducted to measure the factors that play a role on young people's repurchase intents of smartphones. Design, perceived quality, subjective norm, brand popularity, and quality dimensions, which are believed to have a meaningful relationship with the repurchase intention, have been analysed among university students. In the study, data were collected from 410 university students. For this purpose, face-to-face survey technique, which is one of the quantitative research methods, was utilized in the research. The questionnaire consists of two parts. The first part includes the demographic information of the young people participating in the survey. In the second part, prestige / reputation, design and appearance, subjective norm, brand popularity, perceived quality and expressions of repurchase intention are included. A five-point Likert scale was used when measuring the factors that play a role within the repurchase intention of smartphones by young people. The data were coded and analyzed in SPSS 15.0 software. In this phase, factor analysis and reliability analysis were conducted. In addition, regression analysis have been applied to find the statistical significance of the model, correlation analysis to determine the relationships between the variables and T-test has also been used for the purpose of questioning the difference according to demographic findings or domestic / foreign brand ownership. Hypotheses have been confirmed for the dimensions that are believed to be related to repurchase intention (p< ,000), but the result of the t-test is that the behavior of repurchasing acoording to domestic-foreign brand ownership does not show any significant difference (p> ,05). As a result of the regression analysis, design, quality, popularity, subjective norm, and reputation dimensions were to explain the repurchase intention (p < ,05). In this context, the perceived quality offers the strongest contribution to the model (β= ,514).
Assassin's Creed is an action-adventure game produced by a French game company, which has sold over 100 million copies and is widely praised. The study focuses on the two main characters’ (Connor and Haytham) facial on the two main characters’ (Connor and Haytham) facial expressions and the actions and scenes that related to their facial expressions, and introduces Symbolic Convergence Theory and Fantasy Theme Analysis to identify and analyze the fantasy themes and fantasy types of these facial expressions. The study tries to discover the hidden rhetorical visions and values in the game. The research has identified four facial expression symbols which include 21 fantasy themes associated with Connor and 14 fantasy themes associated with Haytham. The fantasy types of the game are “killing the father” and “Ḥashāshīn (the Assassin)” whose rhetorical vision is violence and extreme individualism.
Young Emiratis have emerged with creativity in the field of producing television animation series. According to Gulf News Media in 2010, one of the most hit animation series that caught the attention of many UAE locals was the series of ‘Freej’ (The Neighborhood). This series revolves around four elderly Emirati women who live in a contemporary Dubai neighborhood, yet tackle their daily social and economic issues in their own way in a comical manner.
This research paper analyzes the cultural, social and economic portrayal of UAE in this local cartoon. It premises a content analysis of the series, focusing on factors such as the traditional dialect, their traditional wear of the veil, their governance structure amongst themselves and the traditional values used by the four elderly Emirati women characters who live in modern Dubai. Thus, this paper analyzes how this local cartoon ‘Freej’ stems and reflects scenes at heritage, culture and life in Dubai reminding viewers of their original culture, values and beliefs. It demonstrates the ideology of how rich the UAE culture is and how ‘proud’ the locals are to promote their identity globally; not only to the locals but also the expatriates who reside in the UAE.
Social media platforms such as Facebook and Twitter have emerged beyond sites not only for social contacts but also as a source of information on politics and public affairs. The world of socialized media is maturing, and its users are discovering new ways to find news or see news partly by accident. Global trends show that online news websites and social media are valued more for serendipity (alerting audiences to stories they didn’t know about). In this study, we investigate the emerging trend of news access in the UAE. Specifically, we propose that serendipity in news access on social media and online news sites is significant from active pursuit of news on traditional mainstream media. The research frame is validated with survey data collected from 385 UAE residents. The results provide general empirical support for our hypotheses. The study highlights the discussion about Facebook’s algorithm and news selection as primary concerns for news organization globally.

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